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Prime vs. Zoom Lenses for Family Photos: Which Is Better?

Prime vs. zoom lenses for family photos

When capturing everyday family photos, selecting the right lens is crucial.

In this exploration of prime versus zoom lenses for family photography, I share insights from my personal experience, accompanied by examples from my family photo archive.

The goal of this article is to help you understand which lens best suits your needs and photography style.

Quick Article Summary:

  • For capturing everyday family photos, I prefer to use a prime lens mainly because of its compact size and lightweight design. It’s important for me to be able to take my camera with me as frequently as possible to capture the interesting moments that arise unplanned.
  • I do have several zoom lenses that I also use for capturing family photos, but I normally reserve them for specific moments, such as my son’s birthday or other occasions when my entire family comes together. This allows me to capture candid moments from a distance, resulting in photos full of real emotions.
  • If you’re just starting out with photography and looking for an everyday setup that you could take with you on long walks outside, I would recommend getting a prime lens in the 50mm range (full-frame equivalent). This will be an optimal lens for taking beautiful portraits and candid photos of your family.

Prime Lenses for Family Photos: Advantages, Disadvantages and More

Prime lenses are celebrated for their fixed focal length, which, in simple terms, means they offer a single, unchangeable perspective on your subject. 

Unlike zoom lenses, which let you adjust your view from near to far without moving, prime lenses require you to physically move closer or further away to alter how much of the scene fits in your frame.

Canon 50mm prime lens

This focal length determines not just the portion of the scene captured but also how the background and foreground elements relate to each other in your photos.

Advantages of Prime Lenses for Family Photos

  • Superior Optical Quality: Thanks to their simpler design, prime lenses often produce sharper images with less distortion than their zoom counterparts. Fewer glass elements within the lens contribute to this enhanced clarity and detail.
  • Exceptional Bokeh for Portraits: The wide apertures (e.g., f/1.4, f/1.8) available with prime lenses are not just great for low-light conditions; they also allow for stunning bokeh effects. Bokeh refers to the pleasing or aesthetic quality of the out-of-focus blur in a photograph. This feature is highly sought after in portrait photography, as it helps to isolate the subject from the background, drawing more attention to the person being photographed.
Portrait photo of my son Nikita with a shallow depth of field (DoF)
  • Better Low-light Performance: The ability to open up to wider apertures (e.g., f/1.4, f/1.8) means prime lenses can capture more light, reducing the need for flash and maintaining the natural ambiance of your scene.
  • Compact and Lightweight: The straightforward construction of prime lenses means they can be more compact and lighter than zoom lenses, ideal for photography on the move, like strolls in the park or family outings.
  • Creative Control: Being “stuck” with one focal length might sound limiting, but it actually pushes you to think more creatively about your composition and how you’re framing your shots.

I highly recommend watching my latest video, where I discuss how the Fujifilm X100V, equipped with a fixed lens equivalent to 35mm on a full-frame camera, has significantly improved my photography skills. Check it out to see the difference it can make:

Play Video about does camera design matter in photography success?

Disadvantages of Prime Lenses for Family Photos

  • Lack of Flexibility: Since you can’t zoom in or out with a twist of the lens, you might find yourself swapping lenses more often to capture the desired shot, which isn’t always practical in dynamic or unpredictable situations. However, to be honest, when I’m shooting with my Fujifilm X100V, which has a fixed 35mm equivalent lens, I very rarely find myself in a situation where I wish I had a lens with a different focal length.
  • Multiple Lenses Requirement: Covering various focal lengths necessitates owning several prime lenses, which can be expensive. Again, if you are shopping around for a lens to shoot everyday family moments, I honestly don’t think that you’ll need more than one prime lens. My personal experience shows that one lens either 35 or 50mm lens is more than sufficient for capturing everyday family moments.

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Use Cases for Prime Lenses

Prime lenses shine in family photography and capturing those fleeting everyday moments that make life special. 

Their standout feature for active parents and anyone documenting family life is the balance between high-quality imagery and portability. 

Two photo examples of a young boy and young female
Photos I took of my wife and my son with my Fujifilm X100V (with a fixed prime lens)

When it comes to traveling, hiking, or simply enjoying a day out at the park, a bulky camera setup can quickly become a burden, leading to sore shoulders and the reluctance to bring your camera along. This is where prime lenses come into their own:

  • Lightweight and Compact: A prime lens attached to your camera makes for a lighter, more manageable package that won’t weigh you down, ensuring you’re more likely to take it with you wherever you go.
  • High-Quality Family Portraits and Candid Moments: The optical quality of prime lenses means you can capture beautiful, sharp images with lovely background blur (bokeh), perfect for portraits and candid shots that truly stand out.
  • Versatility Across Activities: Whether you’re exploring a new city, trekking through nature, or having a quiet day in with the family, a prime lens is versatile enough to document these experiences without compromising on image quality or adding unnecessary heft to your bag.
Candid portrait photos of a kid playing with toys

In my experience, the convenience of carrying a compact and lightweight camera significantly increases the likelihood of capturing those irreplaceable family memories. This principle has led me to favor my camera with a fixed prime lens for its unbeatable mix of form, function, and everyday usability.

The essence is simple: the best camera is the one you have with you, and a prime lens ensures it’s not just any camera, but one capable of delivering stunning photos without the hassle of a heavy setup.

Zoom Lenses for Family Photos: Advantages, Disadvantages and More

Zoom lenses are valued for their versatility, allowing photographers to cover a wide range of focal lengths without changing lenses. 

This capability makes them an attractive option for many, from casual shooters to professionals. Let’s explore the advantages and disadvantages of zoom lenses, especially in the context of family and everyday photography.

Sony 24-70mm-zoom-lens
My FE 24-70mm F2.8 GM II Zoom Lens

Advantages of Zoom Lenses for Family Photos

  • Versatility: The hallmark of zoom lenses is their flexibility in covering a range of focal lengths with a single lens. This versatility is crucial in family photography, where shifting quickly from a wide scene to a close-up can capture the essence of the moment without changing lenses.
  • Convenience: Zoom lenses shine in scenarios like family vacations or events where changing lenses frequently is impractical. They adapt swiftly to varying shooting conditions, making them indispensable for dynamic photography settings.
  • Capturing Candid Moments: Unlike prime lenses, which often require getting physically close to the subject, zoom lenses enable you to maintain a discreet distance, making them perfect for snapping authentic, unposed shots. This ability to capture genuine emotions from afar is invaluable in family photography, where natural expressions and moments are cherished.
Candid portrait photo of my son Nikita
Shot with Sony 7C & Sony 24-70 2.8 G Master II lens. Settings: ISO 320, f/2.8, 1/125sec.

Disadvantages of Zoom Lenses for Family Photos

  • Optical Quality: Despite significant advancements, zoom lenses might not always match the sharpness and clarity of prime lenses due to their complex construction. However, for many, the difference is negligible compared to the versatility they offer.
  • Aperture Limitations: Variable maximum apertures in zoom lenses mean less light at longer focal lengths, which could be challenging in low-light situations or when a shallow depth of field is desired.
  • Potential for Heavier Builds: While not always the case, some zoom lenses, especially those offering a wide range of focal lengths or a constant maximum aperture, can be bulkier and heavier, which may influence their portability and convenience. For instance, I love my Sony 24-70 2.8 G Master II zoom lens and the photos that I am able to capture with it. However, it is a very bulky and heavy lens that, in most cases, I would not take with me for extended family walks outside or in other situations where I need to carry my camera for long periods of time.

Use Cases for Zoom Lenses

  • Family Events and Outings: At events where space and movement are limited, or you wish to capture candid moments without intruding, a zoom lens is invaluable. It allows for a flexible approach to composition, from wide group shots to intimate close-ups, all without changing your position.
  • Sports and Action: Capturing the fast-paced action of children’s sports or family activities is more manageable with a zoom lens, allowing for quick adjustments to frame every sprint, jump, and smile accurately
Portrait photo of a young boy playing with a toy plane.
Portrait photo of my son. Shot with Sony A7 & Sony 24-70mm G Master II zoom lens

Verdict on Prime vs. Zoom Lenses for Family Photography

In the balance between prime and zoom lenses for capturing family moments, my personal preference leans towards prime lenses. Despite the versatility of zoom lenses for capturing candid shots from a distance, their size and weight often make them less ideal for everyday carry. 

This can limit their use in spontaneous family photography, potentially deterring some from regular photography practice.

Prime lenses, on the other hand, offer a compelling mix of optical quality, portability, and ease of use. Their lightweight design encourages more frequent use, ensuring no memorable moment goes uncaptured. 

50mm prime canon lens

While zoom lenses have their merits for specific scenarios, the simplicity and readiness of prime lenses make them my preferred choice for documenting the essence of family life.

For beginners focused on family and everyday photography, prime lenses strike an optimal balance, blending quality with practicality to enrich your photographic journey.

Conclusion: Prime vs. Zoom Lenses for Family Memories

This guide has navigated the prime versus zoom lens for family photos debate, offering insights to help beginner photographers make an informed decision. 

While zoom lenses boast versatility and the ability to capture distant candid moments, their bulk can sometimes hinder spontaneous use. On the other hand, prime lenses emerge as champions of everyday family photography, thanks to their unmatched blend of optical quality, portability, and ease of use.

Embrace the simplicity and artistic potential of a prime lens to truly capture the essence of your family’s story. Whether you’re documenting quiet moments at home or the vibrant chaos of a family outing, a prime lens can be your faithful companion, ensuring no precious memory is missed.


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Aleksandrs Karevs

Aleksandrs Karevs

Hi, my name is Aleksandrs and I am a full-stack digital marketer passionate about digital photography. In my free time, I enjoy taking photos with my everyday companion – FUJIFILM X100V. Read full story here.

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Aleksandrs Karevs OHMYCAMERA Founder & Author


Hi, my name is Aleksandr and I am a full-stack digital marketer from Riga, Latvia. In 2018 I became obsessed with photography and decided to create this blog to share my knowledge about both photography and marketing. In my free time, I enjoy taking photos with my everyday companion – FUJIFILM X100V.

Aleksandrs Karevs OHMYCAMERA Founder & Author


Hi, my name is Aleksandr and I am a full-stack digital marketer from Riga, Latvia. In 2018 I became obsessed with photography and decided to create this blog to share my knowledge about both photography and marketing. In my free time, I enjoy taking photos with my everyday companion – FUJIFILM X100V.

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